In central Africa, the geopolitical upheavals of the early 90s have had a profound impact, with civil wars affecting 4 countries in particular, countries which are currently much discussed: Burundi (October 1993 to November 2003), Congo (June to October 1997), DRC (October 1996 to May 1997 and August 1998 to December 2002) and Rwanda (October 1990 to July 1994).
These periods of war were followed by periods of transition, which of course did not all have the same foundations, as they happened after military victories in Congo and Rwanda, whereas power sharing was the outcome in Burundi and the DRC, where there were no clear winners or losers.
Periods of transition
The main aim of these periods of transition was to lead to national reconciliation, democratic elections and the emergence of the rule of law. In the case of Burundi and the DRC the creation of a national republican army…
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