In a note I wrote two years ago I listed Mali among the few African countries that were worth emulating, particularly for its democratic credentials. But since, many unfortunate events have occurred. Northern Tuareg people have for decades nourished separatist ambitions.
Following the fall of Muammar Qaddafi in Libya, Mali has become the theater of instability which was then followed by occupation of its northern part by Islamist fundamentalists groups. These include MUDJAO (Mouvement pour l’unicité et le djihad en Afrique de l’Ouest) and AQMI (Al-Qaida au Maghreb islamique) and its affiliates.
What we witness today in that country is significantly a consequence of the war that NATO undertook against Libya in 2011. In fact, for almost all northern African countries, that event has brought together Islam fundamentalists of the region who are opposed to Western hegemony.
Before attending the Francophone Summit held in Kinshasa from 12 to 14 October 2012, French president Fancois Hollande announced that, regarding the situation in Mali, the international community should not make the same mistakes as in Libya by handing weaponry to unknown groups to bring stability.
The Security Council has been requested to look into the Malian situation. On 12 October 2012, a resolution has been voted. It acknowledges the preoccupying insecurity and its risks of spreading in the whole region.
UN resolution 2071 (2012) states that “ the 15-member body [United Nations Security Council] declared its readiness to respond to Mali’s request for an international military force, pending receipt of the Secretary-General’s report and recommendations on the situation. It also took note of the country’s requests to the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) for military assistance, and requested the Secretary-General immediately to provide military and security planners to assist joint ECOWAS and African Union planning efforts.”
UN, AU and ECOWAS representatives have already met in Bamako to address the situation. But at the same Islam fundamentalists are getting together on their part readying themselves to confront any military intervention to restore Malian sovereignty.
What people need to bear in mind is that instability in any country, and particularly African, is generally a consequence of political motivations from mainly locals, neighboring countries and or far away powerful nations, interested in one way or another for their selfish hegemony.
Destroying Qaddafi’s Libya was one of the pieces in the puzzle of destabilizing Africa. The consequence has been the spreading of insecurity, particularly in northern African countries that are Muslim in their majority.
Being aware of the fact that one of Africom strategies is to supply military equipment, intelligence and train African forces, with an ultimate aim of serving better US interests wherever the structure is involved, it is easily understood that chaos can be deliberately created in order to achieve those objectives.
Africom or US Africa command mission is to “protect and defend the national security interests of the United States by strengthening the defence capabilities of African states and regional organizations and, when directed, conducts military operations, in order to deter and defeat transnational threats and to provide a security environment conducive to good governance and development.”
Two typical African countries where Africom has been substantially been involved are Uganda and Rwanda. Over more than two decades, 8 million lives have been decimated by forces trained and equipped by U.S. Created situation has shown to interested parties that that was one way of serving US interests.
There is today ample evidence to demonstrate that regime changes in Libya, like in Iraq, were engineered on the basis of false claims. But the outcomes are there for anyone to see, particularly in the case of Africa, where the continent has found itself weakened in its search for self-reliance. Mali is one case out of many. Africans need to be more aware of the game plans of their exploiters and prepare themselves accordingly.